Heinrich-Verlag Continue reading List of places of worship. This military district included the Eifelpart of Hessethe Palatinateand the Saarland. In the Kristallnacht pogrom on November 10,Wiesbaden's large synagogue on Michelsberg was destroyed. Mainzon the opposite side of the Rhineis Wiesbaden's archrival — the two cities are the capitals of their respective Bundesländer, and citizens of both cities jokingly refer to those on the other one as "living on the wrong click of the river".
Spielbank Wiesbaden avis. Kochbrunnen avis. Holocaust Memorial 94 avis. Hauptbahnhof 82 avis. Altstadt 45 avis. Restauration Fuerst von Metternich Sektkellerei 10 avis.
Bonifatius 38 avis. Casino Gesellschaft Wiesbaden 39 avis. Schloss Freudenberg 67 avis. Espaces verts et parcs Biebricher Schlosspark 38 avis.
Warmer Damm Park 54 avis. Apothekergarten Wiesbaden 16 avis. Wiesbaden City Palace 28 avis. Kuckucksuhr 43 avis. Neues Rathaus 56 avis.
Brückenkopf Mainz-Kastel 20 avis. Taunusstrasse 59 avis. Jeux et divertissements Freibad Opelbad 6 avis. Nerotal-anlagen 48 avis.
Goldgasse 35 avis. Voir plus. Formules ville. In the north are vast forest areas, which cover In the west and east are vineyards and agricultural land, which cover Of the municipality's 79 kilometres Wiesbaden has a temperate - oceanic climate Köppen : Cfb with relatively cold winters and warm summers.
Its average annual temperature is 9. The Mattiaci were a Germanic tribe , possibly a branch of the neighboring Chatti , who lived in the vicinity at that time.
The town also appears as Mattiacum in Ptolemy 's Geographia 2. Wiesbaden is just south of the Taunus.
The capital of the province of Germania Superior , Mogontiacum present-day Mainz , base of 2 at times 3 Roman legions, was just over the Rhine and connected by a bridge at the present-day borough of Mainz-Kastel Roman " castellum " , a strongly fortified bridgehead.
The Alamanni , a coalition of Germanic tribes from beyond the Limes , captured the fort around Later, in the s, when the Romans and Alamanni were allied, the Alemanni gained control of the Wiesbaden area and were in charge of its defense against other Germanic tribes.
After the Franks under Clovis I defeated the Alamanni in the Battle of Tolbiac in , the Franks eventually displaced the Alamanni in the Wiesbaden area over the course of the 6th century.
In the 8th century, Wiesbaden became the site of a royal palace of the Frankish kingdom. The first documented use of the name Wiesbaden is by Einhard , the biographer of Charlemagne , whose writings mention "Wisabada" sometime between and The town was part of Franconia , the heartland of East Francia.
When Franconia fragmented in the early 13th century, Nassau emerged as an independent state as part of the Holy Roman Empire.
However, Wiesbaden and the castle at Sonnenberg were again destroyed in in conflict with Eppstein. Walram's son and successor Adolf would later become king of Germany from until In , the County of Nassau-Weilburg was divided among the sons of Gerlach.
The County of Nassau's holdings would be subdivided many times among heirs, with the parts being brought together again whenever a line died out.
It would eventually fell back to Nassau-Weilburg in Due to its participation in the uprisings of the German Peasants' War of , Wiesbaden lost all its privileges for over 40 years.
During this time, Wiesbaden became Protestant with the nomination of Wolf Denthener as first Lutheran pastor on January 1, The same day, the first Latin school was opened, preparing pupils for the gymnasium in Idstein.
In , the privileges of the city were restored. The oldest remaining building of Wiesbaden, the old city hall, was built in and No older buildings are preserved due to two fires in and In , at the end of the devastating Thirty Years' War , chronicles tell that Wiesbaden had barely 40 residents left.
In , the County of Nassau-Weilburg was divided again. Wiesbaden became part of the County of Nassau-Usingen. In , the seat of Nassau-Usingen was moved to Biebrich.
In , the Count of Nassau-Usingen granted a concession for gambling in Wiesbaden. Gambling was later outlawed by Prussian authorities in On July 12, , 16 states in present-day Germany, including the remaining counties of Nassau-Usingen and Nassau-Weilburg, formally left the Holy Roman Empire and joined together in the Confederation of the Rhine.
Napoleon was its "protector". Under pressure from Napoleon, both counties merged to form the Duchy of Nassau on August 30, The capital of Nassau was moved from Weilburg to Wiesbaden, and the city became the ducal residence.
Building activity started to give the city a magnificent appearance. Most of the historical center of Wiesbaden dates back to this time.
In the Revolutions of , 30, citizens of Nassau assembled in Wiesbaden on March 4. They demanded a constitution from the Duke, which they received.
This decision led to the end of the duchy. This turned out to be a fortunate change for the city, as it then became an international spa town.
A rise in construction commenced after the aristocracy followed the lead of the Hohenzollern emperors, who began annual trips to Wiesbaden.
Kaiser Wilhelm II visited the city regularly in summer, such that it became an unofficial "summer residence". The city was also popular among the Russian nobility.
In the wake of the imperial court, numerous nobles, artists, and wealthy businessmen increasingly settled in the city.
Many wealthy persons chose Wiesbaden as their retirement seat, as it offered leisure and medical treatment alike.
In the latter part of the 19th century, Wiesbaden became the German city with the most millionaires. In , the Wiesbaden Agreement on German reparations to France was signed in the city.
In , Wiesbaden became the headquarters of the British Army of the Rhine until the withdrawal of occupying forces from the Rhineland in In , an airport was constructed in Erbenheim on the site of a horse-racing track.
In , Fighter Squadron 53 of the Luftwaffe was stationed here. In the Kristallnacht pogrom on November 10, , Wiesbaden's large synagogue on Michelsberg was destroyed.
The synagogue had been designed by Phillip Hoffmann and built in Another synagogue in Wiesbaden-Bierstadt was also destroyed.
When the Nazis came to power in Germany, there were 2, Jews living in Wiesbaden. By June nearly all of them had been deported to the death camps in Poland.
General Ludwig Beck from Wiesbaden was one of the planners of the July 20, assassination attempt of Adolf Hitler. Beck was designated by his fellow conspirators to be future Head of State Regent after elimination of Hitler.
The plot failed, however, and Beck was forced to commit suicide. Today, the city annually awards the Ludwig Beck prize for civil courage in his honor.
Lutheran pastor and theologian Martin Niemöller , founder of the Confessing Church resistance movement against the Nazis, is an Honorary Citizen of Wiesbaden.
He presented his last sermon before his arrest in Wiesbaden's Market Church. This military district included the Eifel , part of Hesse , the Palatinate , and the Saarland.
The commander was General der Infanterie Walther Schroth. Wiesbaden was captured by U. Army forces on March 28, The U. The attack started at and by early afternoon the two forces of the 80th U.
Infantry Division had linked up with the loss of only three dead and three missing. The Americans captured German soldiers and a warehouse full of 4, cases of champagne.
After the war's end, American rock artist Elvis Presley was stationed in Friedberg and often visited Wiesbaden. After World War II, the state of Hesse was established see Greater Hesse , and Wiesbaden became its capital, though nearby Frankfurt am Main is much larger and contains many Hessian government offices.
Wiesbaden however suffered much less than Frankfurt from air bombing. There is a persistent rumour that the U.
Army Air Force spared the town with the intention of turning it into a postwar HQ, but USAAF sources claim this to be a myth, arguing that Wiesbaden's economic and strategic importance simply did not justify more bombing.
Wiesbaden is now home to the U. Wiesbaden has long been famous for its thermal springs and spa. Use of the thermal springs was first documented by the Romans.
The business of spring bathing became important for Wiesbaden near the end of the Middle Ages. By , 16 bath houses were in operation.
By , the city had 2, inhabitants and 23 bath houses. By , Wiesbaden, with a population of 86,, hosted , visitors annually. In those years, more millionaires were living in Wiesbaden than in any other city in Germany.
Gambling followed bathing en suite , and in the 19th century, Wiesbaden was famous for both. In , the Prussian-dominated imperial government closed down all German gambling houses.
The Wiesbaden casino was reopened in List of largest groups of foreign residents of Wiesbaden: .
The ducal palace was begun under William, Duke of Nassau. Its foundations were laid in and it was completed in November two years after William's death.
For the twenty-six remaining years of ducal authority it was the residence of the ruling family.
It later served as a secondary residence for the King of Prussia to It was later used as a headquarters for French and British occupying forces after World War I, then as a museum.
Since , the building has served as Landtag parliamentary building for the federal state of Hesse. The site of the palace had been that of a castle, probably from the early Middle Ages, around which the city had developed.
While nothing is known of the former castle, remains of it were uncovered during excavations after World War II.
The new town hall was built in Engraved in the paving in front of the town hall are the heraldic eagle of the Holy Roman Empire , the lion of Nassau, and the fleur-de-lis of Wiesbaden.
The old town hall, built in , is the oldest preserved building in the city center and now is used as a civil registry office. The Protestant Marktkirche "market church" was built from to in a neo-Gothic style.
Its western steeple is 92 metres feet in height, making the church the highest building in the city.
Its famous Spielbank casino is again in operation. In front of the Kurhaus is a lawn known as the Bowling Green. To one side of the Bowling Green is the Kurhaus Kolonnade.
Built in , the meter structure is the longest hall in Europe supported by pillars. To the other side is the Theater Kolonnade, built in It is adjacent to the Hessisches Staatstheater Wiesbaden , built between and Bonifatius , the first church for the Catholic community after the Reformation , was built from until by Philipp Hoffmann in Gothic Revival style and dedicated to Saint Boniface.
The Russian Orthodox Church of Saint Elizabeth was built on the Neroberg from to by Duke Adolf of Nassau on the occasion of the early death of his wife Elizabeth Mikhailovna , who died in childbirth.
The architect was Philipp Hoffmann. Another building from the regency of Duke Wilhelm is the Luisenplatz, a square named for the Duke's first wife.
It is surrounded by Neoclassicist buildings, and in the middle of the square is the Waterloo Obelisk , commemorating the Nassauers who died on 18 June near Hougoumont Farm in the respective battle against Napoleon.
This baroque building was erected in the first half of the 18th century. North of the city is the Neroberg.
From the top of this hill it is possible to view a panorama of the city. The Nerobergbahn funicular railway connects the city with the hill.
One of the three Hessian state museums, Museum Wiesbaden is located in Wiesbaden. Other churches are the Bergkirche , completed in in Gothic Revival style, and the Lutherkirche , finished in in Jugendstil.
The church Mariä Heimsuchung is a tall concrete landmark in the Kohlheck suburb. Oriental Christianity is also represented with the St.
The Warmer Damm park is a 4. The park was created in — and is named after the medieval fortifications around a pond into which the warm waters of the town's 26 warm springs flowed.
The city of Wiesbaden is divided into 26 boroughs: five in the central city and 21 suburban districts. The 21 suburban districts were incorporated in four phases from to The information up to was retrieved from Die Wiesbadener Oberbürgermeister seit dem Bau des neuen Rathauses The Wiesbaden Mayors since the construction of the new town mayor hall Wiesbaden is well connected to the German motorway Autobahn system.
With approximately , cars daily it is one of the most heavily used interchange in Germany. The Bundesautobahn 66 A 66 connects Wiesbaden with Frankfurt.
The Bundesautobahn A is mainly a commuter motorway which starts in the south of the city centre, runs through the southern part of Wiesbaden crosses the Rhine via the Schierstein Bridge and connect in the northwestern part of Mainz to the A The Bundesautobahn A is a very short motorway in the southeastern part of Wiesbaden which primarily serves as a fast connection between the city centre and the Bundesautobahn 60 to serve the cities like Rüsselsheim , Darmstadt and the Rhine-Neckar region Mannheim, Ludwigshafen and Heidelberg.
The downtown area is bordered on the north side by Taunusstrasse, which has once featured many antique stores.
The streets of central Wiesbaden are regularly congested with cars during rush hour. Wiesbaden's main railway station and several minor railway stops connect the town with Frankfurt , Darmstadt , Mainz , Limburg , and Koblenz via Rüdesheim.
Wiesbaden Hauptbahnhof is connected to the Cologne-Frankfurt high-speed rail line by a kilometer branch line.
More services to locations outside the immediate area connect through Mainz or Frankfurt Airport or Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof. Regional trains and bus services are coordinated by the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund.
All routes have an at least 30 minute service during the day, in the rush hour partially every 15 minutes schedule.
It provides access to nearby cities such as Mainz , Rüsselsheim , Frankfurt , Hanau , and Offenbach am Main , and smaller towns that are on the way.
The city's public transportation service ESWE Verkehr connects all city districts to downtown by 45 bus lines in the daytime and 9 bus lines in the night.
Five more bus lines, operated by the public transportation service of the city of Mainz, connects Wiesbaden's districts Kastel and Kostheim to Mainz downtown.
The city can be accessed from around the world via Frankfurt Airport Flughafen Frankfurt am Main which is located 15 kilometres 9. The airport has four runways and serves non-stop destinations.
Run by transport company Fraport it ranks among the world's 10 busiest airports by passenger traffic and is the second busiest airport by cargo traffic in Europe.
The airport also serves as a hub for Condor and as the main hub for German flag carrier Lufthansa.
Depending on whether total passengers or flights are used, it ranks second or third busiest in Europe alongside London Heathrow Airport and Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport.
Passenger traffic at Frankfurt Airport in was The airport can be reached by car or train and has two railway stations , one for regional and one for long-distance traffic.
The S-Bahn lines S8 and S9 direction Offenbach Ost or Hanau Hbf departing at the regional train station take 30 minutes from the airport to Wiesbaden Central Station, the ICE trains departing at the long-distance railway station take also 30 minutes to the central station.
Hahn Airport was a major base for low-cost carrier Ryanair , and now this has been moved to Frankfurt Airport.
This airport can be reached by car or bus.